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It's the ancient fight for justice: the fight of the oppressors and the oppressed. In all societies of all civilizations it has been a tradition to depict this struggle in literature and arts. Despite a seeming hopelessness, people are unceasingly sacrificing their own lives and the lives of others.
In the images of the language, big and fat cats are metaphorically described as the oppressors, and the mice are the multitude of a suffering people. Since long times human attributes have been associated with specific animals. Certain animals embody good or bad characters and are epitomes for strengths and weaknesses, pride and humility, compassionateness and cruelness.
We know animal tales or fables especially from the Greek and the Roman antique as moral scripts that sought to foster character development. In a similar way animals often appeared as an embodiment of human attributes in the old Middle Eastern teachings of wisdom and enlightenment. These stories were also used to portrait the political conditions of a people or a state, and helped to politically educate the citizens and individuals.
The situation of the humiliated people (mice) is told in the Persian story "About Cat and Mice" which is presented on this site. The mice experience the hypocrisy and brutality of their oppressors (the cats), and finally decide to declare war on the cats. The final stage of the battle between the sides is reached, and the mice heroically stand against their enemy. And, they are even able to throw the leader of the of cats' troops from his horse down to the ground, and to bind him in chains. The triumphant mood does not last for long though, regretfully for the mice. The cat is able to tear the ties and to free himself, and the troop of cats leaves the battlefield as the winners.
This story is not a prettily told Middle Eastern tale, it's no fairy tale, no Hollywood plot with a happy ending. It is a story such as a link in the endless chain of human history.